The goblet excavated at the Burnt City site in Iran has 5 images which when looked at consecutively forms an animation.
This animation has been making its rounds.
By placing the images in on a bowl, it could be a form of a zoetrope. However, the images are on the outside of the goblet. That would make it unlike the typical structure of a zoetrope. However, on the inside of the bowl are marking that could be site lines… similar to the notches in a zoetrope. It’s just that is is inside out.
Not sure if those folks so long ago were playing with animation, as in persistence of vision, but it is a nice design idea and certainly something we can explore now.